First of: Forgive me for top-posting, but I think this message should be
seen by all, and isn't really a response to the post below anyway.
Could you (Liang Yang) please avoid sending the SAME question to both me
privately and the mailing list. It's called cross-posting and not a
"nice" thing, as I may not realize that it's been posted to two
To everyone else, I've already answered the below questions (aside from
the bit that wasn't in the mail to me, but that's been answered by Kevin
> -----Original Message-----
> From: Liang Yang [mailto:multisyncfe991@xxxxxxxxxxx]
> Sent: 21 March 2007 01:23
> To: 'Mark Williamson'; xen-devel@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
> Cc: Petersson, Mats
> Subject: RE: [Xen-devel] Does Dom0 always get interrupts
> first before they are delivered to other guest domains?
> Hi Mark,
> I have another question about using VT-X and Hypercall to support
> para-virtualized and full-virtualized domain simultaneously:
> It seems Xen does not need to use hypercall to replace all problematic
> instructions (e.g. HLT, POPF etc.). For example, there is an
> called CLTS. Instead of replacing it with a hypercall, Xen
> hypervisor will
> first delegate it to ring 0 when a GP fault occurs and then
> run it from
> there to solve ring aliasing issue.
> (http://www.linuxjournal.com/comment/reply/8909 talked about this).
> Now my first question comes up: if I 'm running both
> para-virtualized and
> full-virtualized domain on single CPU (I think Xen hypervisor
> will set up
> the exception bitmap for CLTS instruction for HVM domain). Then Xen
> hypervisor will be confused and does not know how to handle
> it when running
> CLTS in ring 1.
> Does Xen hypervisor do a VM EXIT or still delegate CLTS to
> ring 0? How does
> Xen hypervisor distinguish the instruction is from
> para-virtualized domain
> or is from a full-virtualized domain? Does Xen have to replace all
> problematic instructions with hypercalls for Para-domain
> (even for CLTS)?
> Why does Xen need to use different strategies in
> para-virtualized domain to
> handle CLTS (delegation to ring 0) and other problematic instructions
> My second question:
> It seems each processor has its own exception bitmap. If I have
> multi-processors (vt-x enabled), does Xen hypervisor use the
> same exception
> bitmap in all processors or does Xen allow different
> processor have its own
> (maybe different) exception bitmap?
> Best regards,
> -----Original Message-----
> From: M.A. Williamson [mailto:maw48@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx] On
> Behalf Of Mark
> Sent: Tuesday, March 20, 2007 5:37 PM
> To: xen-devel@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
> Cc: Liang Yang; Petersson, Mats
> Subject: Re: [Xen-devel] Does Dom0 always get interrupts
> first before they
> are delivered to other guest domains?
> > First, you once gave another excellent explanation about
> the communication
> > between HVM domain and HV (15 Feb 2007 ). Here I quote part of it
> > "...Since these IO events are synchronous in a real processor, the
> > hypervisor will wait for a "return event" before the guest
> is allowed to
> > continue. Qemu-dm runs as a normal user-process in Dom0..."
> > My question is about those Synchronous I/O events. Why
> can't we make them
> > asynchronous? e.g. whenever I/O are done, we can interrupt
> HV again and
> > HV resume I/O processing. Is there any specific limiation
> to force Xen
> > hypervisor do I/O in synchronous mode?
> Was this talking about IO port reads / writes?
> The problem with IO port reads is that the guest expects the
> hardware to
> responded to an IO port read and for the result to be
> available as soon as
> the inb (or whatever) instruction has finished... Therefore
> in a virtual
> machine, we can't return to the guest until we've figured out
> (by emulating
> using the device model) what that read should return.
> Consecutive writes can potentially be batched, I believe, and
> there has been
> talk of implementing that.
> I don't see any reason why other VCPUs shouldn't keep running in the
> > Second, you just mentioned there is big difference between
> the number of
> > HV-to-domain0 events for device model and split driver
> model. Could you
> > elaborate the details about how split driver model can reduce the
> > HV-to-domain0 events compared with using qemu device model?
> The PV split drivers are designed to minimise events: they'll
> queue up a
> of IO requests in a batch and then notify dom0 that the IO
> requests are
> In contrast, the FV device emulation can't do this: we have
> to consult dom0
> for the emulation of any device operations the guest does
> (e.g. each IO port
> read the guest does) so the batching is less efficient.
> > Have a wonderful weekend,
> > Liang
> > ----- Original Message -----
> > From: "Petersson, Mats" <Mats.Petersson@xxxxxxx>
> > To: "Liang Yang" <multisyncfe991@xxxxxxxxxxx>;
> > <xen-devel@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
> > Sent: Friday, March 16, 2007 10:40 AM
> > Subject: RE: [Xen-devel] Does Dom0 always get interrupts
> first before they
> > are delivered to other guest domains?
> > > -----Original Message-----
> > > From: xen-devel-bounces@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
> > > [mailto:xen-devel-bounces@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx] On Behalf
> Of Liang Yang
> > > Sent: 16 March 2007 17:30
> > > To: xen-devel@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
> > > Subject: [Xen-devel] Does Dom0 always get interrupts first
> > > before they are delivered to other guest domains?
> > >
> > > Hello,
> > >
> > > It seems if HVM domains access device using emulation mode
> > > w/ device model
> > > in domain0, Xen hypervisor will send the interrupt event to
> > > domain0 first
> > > and then the device model in domain0 will send event to
> HVM domains.
> > Ok, so let's see if I've understood your question first:
> > If we do a disk-read (for example), the actual disk-read operation
> > itself will generate an interrupt, which goes into Xen HV where it's
> > converted to an event that goes to Dom0, which in turn wakes up the
> > pending call to read (in this case) that was requesting the
> disk IO, and
> > then when the read-call is finished an event is sent to the
> HVM DomU. Is
> > this the sequence of events that you're talking about?
> > If that's what you are talking about, it must be done this way.
> > > However, if I'm using split driver model and I only run
> BE driver on
> > > domain0. Does domain0 still get the interrupt first (assume
> > > this interupt is
> > > not owned by the Xen hypervisor ,e.g. local APIC timer) or
> > > Xen hypervisor
> > > will send event directly to HVM domain bypass domain0 for
> > > split driver
> > > model?
> > Not in the above type of scenario. The interrupt must go to the
> > driver-domain (normally Dom0) to indicate that the hardware
> is ready to
> > deliver the data. This will wake up the user-mode call that
> waited for
> > the data, and then the data can be delivered to the guest
> domain from
> > there (which in turn is awakened by the event sent from the driver
> > domain).
> > There is no difference in the number of events in these two cases.
> > There is however a big difference in the number of
> > events that occur: the HVM model will require something in
> the order of
> > 5 writes to the IDE controller to perform one disk
> read/write operation.
> > Each of those will incur one event to wake up qemu-dm, and
> one event to
> > wake the domu (which will most likely just to one or two
> > forward to hit the next write to the IDE controller).
> > > Another question is: for interrupt delivery, does Xen treat
> > > para-virtualized
> > > domain differently from HVM domain considering using device
> > > model and split
> > > driver model?
> > Not in interrupt delivery, no. Except for the fact that HVM domains
> > obviously have full hardware interfaces for interrupt
> controllers etc,
> > which adds a little bit of overhead (because each interrupt
> needs to be
> > acknowledged/cancelled on the interrupt controller, for example).
> > --
> > Mats
> > > Thanks a lot,
> > >
> > > Liang
> > >
> > >
> > > _______________________________________________
> > > Xen-devel mailing list
> > > Xen-devel@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
> > > http://lists.xensource.com/xen-devel
> > _______________________________________________
> > Xen-devel mailing list
> > Xen-devel@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
> > http://lists.xensource.com/xen-devel
> Dave: Just a question. What use is a unicyle with no seat?
> And no pedals!
> Mark: To answer a question with a question: What use is a skateboard?
> Dave: Skateboards have wheels.
> Mark: My wheel has a wheel!
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