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[Xen-devel] Re: dm-ioband + bio-cgroup benchmarks


> > > > > To avoid creation of stacking another device (dm-ioband) on top of 
> > > > > every
> > > > > device we want to subject to rules, I was thinking of maintaining an
> > > > > rb-tree per request queue. Requests will first go into this rb-tree 
> > > > > upon
> > > > > __make_request() and then will filter down to elevator associated 
> > > > > with the
> > > > > queue (if there is one). This will provide us the control of releasing
> > > > > bio's to elevaor based on policies (proportional weight, max bandwidth
> > > > > etc) and no need of stacking additional block device.
> > > > 
> > > > I think it's a bit late to control I/O requests there, since process
> > > > may be blocked in get_request_wait when the I/O load is high.
> > > > Please imagine the situation that cgroups with low bandwidths are
> > > > consuming most of "struct request"s while another cgroup with a high
> > > > bandwidth is blocked and can't get enough "struct request"s.
> > > > 
> > > > It means cgroups that issues lot of I/O request can win the game.
> > > > 
> > > 
> > > Ok, this is a good point. Because number of struct requests are limited
> > > and they seem to be allocated on first come first serve basis, so if a
> > > cgroup is generating lot of IO, then it might win.
> > > 
> > > But dm-ioband will face the same issue. 
> > 
> > Nope. Dm-ioband doesn't have this issue since it works before allocating
> > the descriptors. Only I/O requests dm-ioband has passed can allocate its
> > descriptor.
> > 
> Ok. Got it. dm-ioband does not block on allocation of request descriptors.
> It does seem to be blocking in prevent_burst_bios() but that would be
> per group so it should be fine.

Yes. There is also another little mechanism that prevent_burst_bios()
tries not to block kernel threads if possible.

> That means for lower layers, one shall have to do request descritor
> allocation as per the cgroup weight to make sure a cgroup with lower
> weight does not get higher % of disk because it is generating more
> requests.

Yes. But when cgroups with higher weight aren't issueing a lot of I/Os,
even a cgroup with lower weight can allocate a lot of request descriptors.

> One additional issue with my scheme I just noticed is that I am putting
> bio-cgroup in rb-tree. If there are stacked devices then bio/requests from
> same cgroup can be at multiple levels of processing at same time. That
> would mean that a single cgroup needs to be in multiple rb-trees at the
> same time in various layers. So I might have to create a temporary object
> which can associate with cgroup and get rid of that object once I don't
> have the requests any more...

You mean each layer should have its rb-tree? Is it per device?
One lvm logical volume may probably consist from several physical
volumes, which will be shared with other logical volumes.
And some layers may split one bio into several bios.
I hardly can imagine how these structures will be.

But I guess it is a good thing that we are going to support
a general infrastructure for I/O requests.

> Well, implementing rb-tree per request queue seems to be harder than I 
> had thought. Especially taking care of decoupling the elevator and reqeust
> descriptor logic at lower layers. Long way to go..

Hirokazu Takahashi.

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